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Title: What do physicians believe about the way decisions are made? A pilot study on metacognitive knowledge in the medical context
Authors: Iannello, Paola
Perucca, Valeria
Riva, Silvia
Antonietti, Alessandro
Pravettoni, Gabriella
Issue Date: 27-Nov-2015
Publisher: PsychOpen
Abstract: Metacognition relative to medical decision making has been poorly investigated to date. However, beliefs about methods of decision making (metacognition) play a fundamental role in determining the efficiency of the decision itself. In the present study, we investigated a set of beliefs that physicians develop in relation to the modes of making decisions in a professional environment. The Solomon Questionnaire, designed to assess metacognitive knowledge about behaviors and mental processes involved in decision making, was administered to a sample of 18 emergency physicians, 18 surgeons, and 18 internists. Significant differences in metacognitive knowledge emerged among these three medical areas. Physicians’ self-reports about the decision process mirrored the peculiarities of the context in which they operate. Their metacognitive knowledge demonstrated a reflective attitude that is an effective tool during the decision making process.
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