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Title: Materialist and Post-Materialist Concerns and the Wish for a Strong Leader in 27 Countries
Authors: Lima, Marcus Eugênio Oliveira
de Franca, Dalila Xavier
Jetten, Jolanda
Pereira, Cicero Roberto
Wohl, Michael J. A.
Jasinskaja-Lathi, Inga
Hong, Ying-yi
Torres, Ana R. R.
Costa-Lopes, Rui
Ariyanto, Amarina
Autin, Frédérique
Ayub, Nadia
Badea, Constantina
Besta, Tomasz
Butera, Fabrizio
Fantini-Hauwel, Carole
Finchilescu, Gillian
Gaertner, Lowell
Gollwitzer, Mario
Gómez, Ángel
González, Roberto
Jensen, Dorthe Høj
Karasawa, Minoru
Kessler, Thomas
Klein, Olivier
Megeyand, Laura
Morton, Thomas
Paladino, Maria Paola
Polya, Tibor
Renvik, Tuuli Anna
Ruza, Aleksejs
Shahrazad, Wan
Shama, Sushama
Smith, Heather J.
Teymoori, Ali
van der Bles, Anne Marthe
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2021
Publisher: PsychArchives
Abstract: There is evidence that democracies are under threat around the world while the quest for strong leaders is increasing. Although the causes of these developments are complex and multifaceted, here we focus on one factor: the extent to which citizens express materialist and post-materialist concerns. We explore whether objective higher levels of democracy are differentially associated with materialist and post-materialist concerns and, in turn, whether this is related to the wish for a strong leader. Testing this hypothesis across 27 countries (N = 5,741) demonstrated a direct negative effect of democracies’ development on the wish for a strong leader. Further, multi-level mediation analysis showed that the relation between the Democracy Index and the wish for a strong leader was mediated by materialist concerns. This pattern of results suggests that lower levels of democracy are associated with enhanced concerns about basic needs and this is linked to greater support for strong leaders.
Citation: Lima, M. E. O., de Franca, D. X., Jetten, J., Pereira, C. R., Wohl, M. J. A., Jasinskaja-Lathi, I., Hong, Y., Torres, A. R. R., Costa-Lopes, R., Ariyanto, A., Autin, F., Ayub, N., Badea, C., Besta, T., Butera, F., Fantini-Hauwel, C., Finchilescu, G., Gaertner, L., Gollwitzer, M., ...van der Bles, A. M. (in press). Materialist and post-materialist concerns and the wish for a strong leader in 27 countries [Author accepted manuscript]. Journal of Social and Political Psychology.
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