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Title: [Dataset] Effective Gamification of the Stop-Signal Task: Two Controlled Laboratory Experiments
Authors: Friehs, M. A.
Dechant, M.
Vedress, S.
Frings, C.
Mandryk, R. L.
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2020
Publisher: PsychArchives
Abstract: This is the dataset for the article Friehs, M. A., Dechant, M., Vedress, S., Frings, C., & Mandryk, R. L. (2020). Effective Gamification of the Stop-Signal Task: Two Controlled Laboratory Experiments. JMIR Serious Games, 8(3), e17810. DOI: 10.2196/17810. PMID: 32897233
Background: A lack of ability to inhibit prepotent responses, or more generally a lack of impulse control, is associated with several disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and schizophrenia as well as general damage to the prefrontal cortex. A stop-signal task (SST) is a reliable and established measure of response inhibition. However, using the SST as an objective assessment in diagnostic or research-focused settings places significant stress on participants as the task itself requires concentration and cognitive effort and is not particularly engaging. This can lead to decreased motivation to follow task instructions and poor data quality, which can affect assessment efficacy and might increase drop-out rates. Gamification—the application of game-based elements in nongame settings—has shown to improve engaged attention to a cognitive task, thus increasing participant motivation and data quality. Objective: This study aims to design a gamified SST that improves participants’ engagement and validate this gamified SST against a standard SST. Methods: We described the design of our gamified SST and reported on 2 separate studies that aim to validate the gamified SST relative to a standard SST. In study 1, a within-subject design was used to compare the performance of the SST and a stop-signal game (SSG). In study 2, we added eye tracking to the procedure to determine if overt attention was affected and aimed to replicate the findings from study 1 in a between-subjects design. Furthermore, in both studies, flow and motivational experiences were measured. Results: In contrast, the behavioral performance was comparable between the tasks (P<.87; BF01=2.87), and the experience of flow and intrinsic motivation were rated higher in the SSG group, although this difference was not significant. Conclusions: Overall, our findings provide evidence that the gamification of SST is possible and that the SSG is enjoyed more. Thus, when participant engagement is critical, we recommend using the SSG instead of the SST.
Citation: Friehs, M. A., Dechant, M., Vedress, S., Frings, C., & Mandryk, R. L. (2020). [Dataset] Effective Gamification of the Stop-Signal Task: Two Controlled Laboratory Experiments. PsychArchives.
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File Description SizeFormat 
eyetracking_SSG.csveyetracking data for the Stop-Signal Game1,27 kBCSVDownload
eyetracking_SST.csveyetracking data for the stop-signal task798 BCSVDownload
withinSubjects_SSdata_filtered_24participants.csvbehavioral performance data for within-subject study8,49 kBCSVDownload
betweenSubjects_filtered 30 people.csvbetween-subject study data21,84 kBCSVDownload
withinSubjects_questionnaires_filtered_23people.csvquestionnaire data for within-subject study23 kBCSVDownload

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