Author(s) / Creator(s)
Abstract / Description
Code for analysis of EEG, fNIRS, subjective and performance data for: Hamann, A., & Carstengerdes, N. (2023). Assessing the development of mental fatigue during simulated flights with concurrent EEG-fNIRS measurement. Scientific Reports, 13, 4738. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-31264-w
Mental fatigue (MF) can impair pilots’ performance and reactions to unforeseen events and is therefore an important concept within aviation. The physiological measurement of MF, especially with EEG and, in recent years, fNIRS, has gained much attention. However, a systematic investigation and comparison of the measurements is seldomly done. We induced MF via time on task during a 90-min simulated flight task and collected concurrent EEG-fNIRS, performance and self-report data from 31 participants. While their subjective MF increased linearly, the participants were able to keep their performance stable over the course of the experiment. EEG data showed an early increase and levelling in parietal alpha power and a slower, but steady increase in frontal theta power. No consistent trend could be observed in the fNIRS data. Thus, more research on fNIRS is needed to understand its possibilities and limits for MF assessment, and a combination with EEG is advisable to compare and validate results. Until then, EEG remains the better choice for continuous MF assessment in cockpit applications because of its high sensitivity to a transition from alert to fatigued, even before performance is impaired.