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Author(s) / Creator(s)
Abstract / Description
The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has prompted the German government and the 16 German federal states to announce a variety of public health measures in order to suppress the spread of the coronavirus. These non-pharmaceutical measures intended to curb transmission rates by increasing social distancing (i.e., diminishing interpersonal contacts) which restricts a range of individual behaviors. These measures span moderate recommendations such as physical distancing, up to the closures of shops and bans of gatherings and demonstrations. The implementation of these measures are not only a research goal for themselves but have implications for behavioral research conducted in this time (e.g., in form of potential confounder biases). Hence, longitudinal data that represent the measures can be a fruitful data source. The presented data set contains data on 14 governmental measures across the 16 German federal states. In comparison to existing datasets, the data set at hand is a fine-grained daily time series tracking the effective calendar date, introduction, extension, or phase-out of each respective measure. Based on self-regulation theory, measures were coded whether they did not restrict, partially restricted or fully restricted the respective behavioral pattern. The time frame comprises March 08, 2020 until May 15, 2020. The project is an open-source, ongoing project with planned continued updates in regular (approximately monthly) intervals.
New variables include restrictions on travel and gastronomy. The variable trvl (travel) comprises the following categories: fully restricted (=2) reflecting a potential general ban to travel within Germany (except for sound reasons like health or business); partially restricted (=1): travels are allowed but may be restricted through prohibition of accommodation or entry ban for certain groups (e.g. people from risk areas); free (=0): no travel and accommodation restrictions in place). The variable gastr (gastronomy) comprises: fully restricted (=2): closure of restaurants or bars; partially restricted (=1): Only take-away or food delivery services are allowed; free (=0): restaurants are allowed to open without restrictions). Further, the variables msk (recommendations to wear a mask) and zoo (restrictions of zoo visits) have been adjusted.