Preprint

Do Open Science Badges Increase Trust in Scientists among Undergraduates, Scientists, and the Public?

This article is a preprint and has not been certified by peer review [What does this mean?].

Author(s) / Creator(s)

Schneider, Jürgen
Rosman, Tom
Kelava, Augustin
Merk, Samuel

Abstract / Description

As a response to the replication crisis, reforms call for the implementation of open science standards. In this regard, open science badges are a promising method to signal a study’s adherence to open science practices (OSP). In an experimental study, we investigated whether badges on journal article title pages affect non-scientists’ trust in scientists. Furthermore, we analyzed the moderating role of epistemic beliefs in this regard. We randomly assigned 270 non-scientists to two of three conditions: Badges awarded (visible compliance to OSP), badges not awarded (visible non-compliance to OSP) and no badges (compliance not visible, control condition). Results indicate that badges influence trust in scientists as well as the epistemic beliefs of participants. However, epistemic beliefs did not moderate the effect of badges on trust. In sum, our paper provides support to the notion that badges are an effective means to promote epistemic beliefs and trust in scientists.

Keyword(s)

badges beliefs epistemic beliefs open science open science badges trust trustworthiness

Persistent Identifier

Date of first publication

2021-08-27

Publisher

PsychArchives

Is version of

Citation

Schneider, J., Rosman, T., Kelava, A., & Merk, S. (2021). Do Open Science Badges Increase Trust in Scientists among Undergraduates, Scientists, and the Public? PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.5066
  • 2
    2021-08-27
    We extended the samples from undergraduates (Study 1) now over social scientists (Study 2) and the general public (Study 3).
  • 1
    2020-08-27
  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
    Schneider, Jürgen
  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
    Rosman, Tom
  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
    Kelava, Augustin
  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
    Merk, Samuel
  • PsychArchives acquisition timestamp
    2021-08-27T14:19:59Z
  • Made available on
    2020-08-27T12:43:58Z
  • Made available on
    2021-08-27T14:19:59Z
  • Date of first publication
    2021-08-27
  • Submission date
    2020-08-14
  • Abstract / Description
    As a response to the replication crisis, reforms call for the implementation of open science standards. In this regard, open science badges are a promising method to signal a study’s adherence to open science practices (OSP). In an experimental study, we investigated whether badges on journal article title pages affect non-scientists’ trust in scientists. Furthermore, we analyzed the moderating role of epistemic beliefs in this regard. We randomly assigned 270 non-scientists to two of three conditions: Badges awarded (visible compliance to OSP), badges not awarded (visible non-compliance to OSP) and no badges (compliance not visible, control condition). Results indicate that badges influence trust in scientists as well as the epistemic beliefs of participants. However, epistemic beliefs did not moderate the effect of badges on trust. In sum, our paper provides support to the notion that badges are an effective means to promote epistemic beliefs and trust in scientists.
    en
  • Publication status
    other
    en
  • Review status
    notReviewed
    en
  • Sponsorship
    We thank the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information (ZPID) for the support with data collection.
    en
  • Citation
    Schneider, J., Rosman, T., Kelava, A., & Merk, S. (2021). Do Open Science Badges Increase Trust in Scientists among Undergraduates, Scientists, and the Public? PsychArchives. https://doi.org/10.23668/PSYCHARCHIVES.5066
    en
  • Persistent Identifier
    https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12034/2979.2
  • Persistent Identifier
    https://doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.5066
  • Language of content
    eng
  • Publisher
    PsychArchives
    en
  • Is version of
    https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/43ec2
  • Is related to
    https://doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.2749
  • Is related to
    https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/VGBRS
  • Is related to
    https://doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.4976
  • Is related to
    https://doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.4978
  • Is related to
    https://doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.4977
  • Is related to
    https://doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.4377
  • Keyword(s)
    badges
    en
  • Keyword(s)
    beliefs
    en
  • Keyword(s)
    epistemic beliefs
    en
  • Keyword(s)
    open science
    en
  • Keyword(s)
    open science badges
    en
  • Keyword(s)
    trust
    en
  • Keyword(s)
    trustworthiness
    en
  • Dewey Decimal Classification number(s)
    150
  • Title
    Do Open Science Badges Increase Trust in Scientists among Undergraduates, Scientists, and the Public?
    en
  • DRO type
    preprint
    en
  • Leibniz institute name(s) / abbreviation(s)
    ZPID
    de_DE